Like many of her radical contemporaries from the Russian Empire who were faced with prison, she emigrated to Zürich in 1889. Rosa Luxemburg and the German Revolution; Publications. Rosa Luxemburg (5 March 1871 in Zamość, Russian Poland – 15 January 1919 in Berlin) was a Polish-Jewish Marxist politician working in both Poland and Germany. Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschland fortschrittlichste sozialistische Partei Sprachgewandtheit, erfolgreiche Wahlkampfreden gefragte Spezialistin Zustimmung - Kriegskredite Abspaltung 1871 Ziele und Forderungen Vertreterin demokratisch-sozialistischen Denkens und Handelns APA. In her 1913 work, The Accumulation of Capital, Luxemburg analyzed economics and politics and put forward the theory that the spread of capitalism in undeveloped areas of the world leads to the nuisance of imperialism. This publication by Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung combines ground reports as well as political analysis on Social Protection, Food Security and Food Sovereignty. She moved to Warsaw to participate, and was captured. She was the fifth and youngest child of timber trader Eliasz Luxemburg and Line Löwenstein. Released from her Warsaw prison, she taught at the Social Democratic Party school in Berlin (1907–14), where she wrote Die Akkumulation des Kapitals (1913; The Accumulation of Capital). Her birth name was Rosalia Luxenburg. Study Scholarships; Doctoral Scholarships; Academic Trustees of the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung ; Authoritarianism and Counter-Strategies; Topics. Allinson, M. A. Rosa Luxemburg is famous for helping to found the Spartacus League, which grew into the Communist Party of Germany; for developing a humanitarian theory of Marxism; and for being murdered by members of the German Freikorps, a loose association of right-wing paramilitary groups. Until then she had believed that Germany was the country in which world revolution was most likely to originate. Here Patrick Larsen looks at her strong side and also her weaknesses in the light of the 1918 German Revolution and draws out lessons for today, in particular for the revolutionary movement in Venezuela. A large selection of her translated correspondence was published as The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg (2011). Rosa Luxemburg (Rosalia Luxemburg, polsk: Róża Luksemburg; født 5. marts 1871, død 15. januar 1919) var en polsk-tysk socialistisk politisk tænker, der i starten af det 20. århundrede kritiserede den reformisme, det tyske socialdemokrati var slået ind på. Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish political philosopher, economist, marxist, and revolutionary who played a pivotal role during the First World War and the German Revolution. Das Parteilehrjahr der SED - Konfliktfeld zwischen Parteiführung und Massenbasis. Karl Kautsky, the leading theoretician of the Second International, agreed with her, and revisionism consequently became a socialist heresy both in Germany and abroad, though it continued to make headway, especially in the labour movement. His name was Eliasz Luxemburg III. The Russian Revolution of 1905 proved to be the central experience in Luxemburg’s life. Texte téléchargeable ! (1899; Reform or Revolution), in which she defended Marxist orthodoxy and the necessity of revolution, arguing that parliament was nothing more than a bourgeois sham. In contrast to Lenin, she deemphasized the need for a tight party structure, believing that organization would emerge naturally from the struggle. In fact, her Die russische Revolution (1922; The Russian Revolution) chastised Lenin’s party on its agrarian and national self-determination stands and its dictatorial and terrorist methods. EN. She founded, along with Karl Liebnecht, the anti-war Spartacus League in 1915, which later became the Communist Part of Germany. For this she was repeatedly chastised by orthodox communist parties. This Page dedicated to Rosa Luxemburg was born to stand OUT from all of the others. Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish political philosopher, economist, marxist, and revolutionary who played a pivotal role during the First World War and the German Revolution. She also left the Social Democratic Party during this time as she struggled for the initiation of mass action. In 1898, after marrying Gustav Lübeck to obtain German citizenship, she settled in Berlin to work with the largest and most powerful constituent party of the Second International, the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Luxemburg championed democracy, unlike Lenin who supported democratic centralism. For Rosa Luxemburg, socialism was not a service for others or the gift of a political party to the oppressed and exploited. We hope that putting together this compilation will be a step towards placing voices from the ground and policy analysis connected with Food Security and Food Sovereignty, at the same table. The national issue became one of Luxemburg’s main themes. Rosa Luxemburg volia organitzar una vaga general que unís solidàriament tots els treballadors i evitar la guerra, però el líder del partit s'hi va oposar, cosa que va provocar la seva ruptura amb Kautsky el 1910. The Life of Rosa Luxemburg Jan 1, 1873. Because of their role in fomenting a communist uprising known as the Spartacus Revolt, she and Liebknecht were arrested and murdered in Berlin on January 15, 1919, by members of the Free Corps (Freikorps), a loose assemblage of conservative paramilitary groups. Her point of view differed from Lenin’s as she did not believe in a tightly-structured political party. The commemoration of Rosa Luxemburg as a martyr of Socialism takes place to this day, among the left-wing politicians of Germany, irrespective of their identification and agreement to her political philosophy. According to Luxemburg, mass strikes are the best method the working class can use to gain victory. Rosa Luxemburg was the youngest of five children of a lower middle-class Jewish family in Russian-ruled Poland. Das Volk sollte bestimmen und nicht einige wenige. Omissions? The purpose of this research is to explore the contributions of Rosa Luxemburg to socialist thought, by presenting her personal life and theory of historical progressivism in the context of strategies. Rosa Luxemburg was an outstanding Marxist and revolutionary. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Rosa Luxemburg; Archive; Library; Staff; Scholarship Department. Rosa Luxembourg, Marxisme contre dictature. deutsch DE; Enter a search term. The organization’s theoretical basis was Luxemburg’s pamphlet Die Krise der Sozialdemokratie (1916; The Crisis in the German Social Democracy), written in prison under the pseudonym Junius. Mit all ihrer Kraft versuchte sie, den Weltkrieg, der dann von 1914 bis 1918 tobte, zu verhindern. Rozalia (Rosa) Luxemburg was born in March 1871 in Zamosch, Poland, which was under Russian-control at the time. Rosa Luxemburg, (born March 5, 1871, Zamość, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland]—died January 15, 1919, Berlin, Germany), Polish-born German revolutionary and agitator who played a key role in the founding of the Polish Social Democratic Party and the Spartacus League, which grew into the Communist Party of Germany. Luxemburg and her family were Polish Jews living in Russian-controlled Poland. She was the fifth child of her parents. Rosa Luxemburg is a 1986 West German drama film directed by Margarethe von Trotta.The film received the 1986 German Film Award for Best Feature Film (Bester Spielfilm), and Barbara Sukowa won the Cannes Film Festival's Best Actress Award and the German Film Award for Best Actress for her performance as Rosa Luxemburg. Along with Karl Liebknecht, she founded the Spartacus League, which was based on her 1916 pamphlet, The Crisis in the German Social Democracy, written in jail. The Social Democratic Party backed the German government at the outbreak of World War I, but Luxemburg immediately went into opposition. She consistently underrated nationalist aspirations and stressed socialist internationalism. Her father was a wood trader/timber trader. In late December 1918, they became founders of the German Communist Party, but Luxemburg attempted to limit Bolshevik influence in this new organization. In an alliance with Karl Liebknecht and other like-minded radicals, she formed the Spartakusbund, or Spartacus League, which was dedicated to ending the war through revolution and the establishment of a proletarian government. Many socialists and Marxists may disagree with the philosophy of Rosa Luxemburg, but she will always remain as a steadfast revolutionary thinker who sacrificed her life for her principles. Freelance writer on modern European history. The family spoke German and Polish, and Luxemburg also learned Russian. Browse 1,490 rosa luxemburg stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. Through the Dialectic of Spontaneity and Organization, her significant political philosophy, Luxemburg put forward the idea that through spontaneity, organization and order can be achieved, when working for class-struggle through a political party. Wandering around the square, one stumbles upon 60 quotations from the woman some fondly refer to as “Red Rosa”, after the epitaph Bertolt Brecht wrote for her in 1919. The Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung (RLS) has its roots in the 1990 in Berlin founded association "Social Analysis and Political Education". She went to Warsaw, participated in the struggle, and was imprisoned. Sie war für allgemeine Wahlen und für die Pressefreiheit. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Rosa Luxemburg (lengyelül: Róża Luksemburg; Zamość, Kongresszusi Lengyelország, 1871. március 5. In this analysis, she described imperialism as the result of a dynamic capitalism’s expansion into underdeveloped areas of the world. She was born into a Jewish family. She founded, along with Karl Liebnecht, the anti-war Spartacus League in 1915, which later became the Communist Part of Germany. Rosa Luxemburg was born on March 5, 1871. Released from prison by the German revolution (November 1918), Luxemburg and Liebknecht immediately began agitation to force the new order to the left. Her father was a wood trader/timber trader. 1914. Her commitment to democracy and strong negation of capitalism has earned her the respect of Socialists from around the globe. Luxemburg advocated the mass strike as the single most important tool of the proletariat, Western as well as Russian, in attaining a socialist victory. … • Centralisme et démocratie • Masse et chefs • Liberté de la critique et de la science.Extrait du vol. Due to her strong opinions and ideas during the Spartacus Revolt, she was arrested in Berlin by conservative paramilitary forces known as the Free Corps, and was later murdered in January 1919. The Luxemburgs were Polish-Jews. Rosa Luxemburg talking at the 2. She now believed it would catch fire in Russia. Change language. As a result, Luxemburg was vilified as “Bloody Rosa” in the bourgeois press. Born in the Polish city of Zamosc (75 km SE of Lublin), she grew up in an assimilated, middle class Jewish family. Jobs; Scholarships; Contact; Imprint; Search form. In 1898 the German revisionist Eduard Bernstein argued that Marxist theory was essentially outdated and that socialism in highly industrialized nations could best be achieved through a gradualist approach, using trade-union activity and parliamentary politics. The mass strike, the spontaneous result of “objective conditions,” would radicalize the workers and drive the revolution forward. Rosa was the fifth of five children of Eliasz Luxemburg and Line Lowenstein. In 1889, aged 18 and because of … Internationale in Stuttgart - 1907 . In Zürich she became involved in the international socialist movement and met Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Pavel Axelrod, and other leading representatives of the Russian social democratic movement, with whom, however, she soon began to disagree. Like the Bolsheviks, Luxemburg and Liebknecht demanded political power for the workers’ and soldiers’ soviets but were frustrated by the conservative Socialist establishment and the army. Edited by Hudis & Anderson, it contains, in addition to a scholarly introduction and improved versions of some already published works, some totally new translations by Passmore and Anderson including a number of writings on women, slavery and the Russian Social … Rosa Luxemburg wrote Reform or Revolution (1899), a defense of Marxist orthodoxy against gradualism; The Mass Strike, the Political Party, and the Trade Unions (1906), propounding her theory of revolutionary mass action; The Accumulation of Capital (1913), an analysis of capitalist expansion in the underdeveloped world; and other works. In 1996, RLS was recognized by the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) as its close political education institution. – Berlin, 1919. január 15.) Auf der einen Seite grenzte sie sich vom Reformismus ab, dem die Mehrheit der SPD zustimmte – sie wollte Veränderungen durch Revolution, nicht durch Reformen.